Ministry of Ecology, Nature Management and Forestry of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Directorate of Biological Resources and PАs of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and ALROSA signed an Agreement on cooperation and implementation of measures for the protection and restoration of the number of tundra populations of wild reindeer in 2019-2022.
The beginning of this work was the Agreement on Interregional Cooperation between the Ministry of Ecology and Environmental Management of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Ministry of Ecology, Nature Management and Forestry of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in 2018.
On December 18, 2018 in Krasnoyarsk the working meeting in the office of the Altai-Sayan branch of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) discussed the problems of conservation and rational use of the Taimyr-Evenk and Lena-Olenek populations of wild reindeer.
The experience of cooperation between ALROSA and the environmental authorities of Yakutia was presented by Polina Anisimova, Deputy Chief Engineer of ALROSA on Ecology Issues and Work with Indigenous and Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Head of the Environmental Center. She spoke about the support of research and public projects, and also gave examples of projects for the conservation of the reindeer population.
ALROSA has set up reindeer crossings through infrastructure lines, blocking the movement of technological transport in places of active passage of animals, imposed a strict ban on hunting and fishing for employees, etc.
Director of the Institute for Biological Problems of Cryolithozone of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Innokenty Okhlopkov shared the results of the joint work on monitoring the migration routes of wild reindeer of the Leno-Olenek population, which has been conducted in ALROSA since 2016.
The meeting discussed the priority steps to be made for the rational use and restoration of wild reindeer populations, improvement of the regulatory framework for the protection of wild reindeer and wildlife objects in general, to ensure that the interests of indigenous and minority peoples of the North are taken into account. Today, populations of wild reindeer are threatened: climate change, which leads to a shift in the timing of the migration of the species and changes the food base, poaching.
According to the participants of the working meeting, to collect data on the population of wild reindeer and a well-coordinated effective fight against poaching, it is necessary to increase the number of individuals marked with satellite collars, to strengthen the joint work of the executive authorities, scientific organizations, institutions of society and business.
The experts highlighted the significant contribution made by ALROSA both to the development and implementation of the issues of protecting wild reindeer and vulnerable objects of the animal world in general.
Protecting wild reindeer and wildlife objects is one of the priorities of ALROSA.
Recall that for the first time since the last aerial survey of the Leno-Olenek population of wild reindeer, conducted in 2008, there was no reliable information about the current state of the wild reindeer population.
As a result of the approach and method of accounting for wild reindeer chosen by parties in interest and experts, an effective aero-visual registration of the number of reindeer was carried out, which reliably confirmed that the population of wild reindeer is estimated at 84,000 individuals, and almost remained at the 2008 level.