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Nature users record climate change in Yakutia

  • Published in Nature
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As a rule, scientists and environmental experts are involved in complex international and interregional issues of climate change. The ‘Gorizonty’ Initiative Group attracted the users of natural resources, the reindeer herders of the republic, to this important and interesting work. Reindeer herders noted the damage caused by anomalous climate change to natural resources and traditional farming.

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The ‘Gorizonty’ Initiative Group, with the help of the State Committee on Arctic Affairs and the Ulus Administrations of Agriculture, has attracted reindeer herders from different regions of the republic to monitor ecosystem components - a survey. Their observations complement each other.

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In the Nizhnekolymsky ulus of Yakutia, it rains in November-December after heavy snowstorms in the last 5 years. As a result, the moss is deep under the snow and under the ice crust. Due to this, reindeer's teeth come off from stomatitis. And the fetal development depends on the nutrition of reindeer doe. Miscarriages were observed. Due to the fact that the rivers and lakes are freezing late, routes increase. About 50 years ago corralling to count and vaccinate reindeer was usually carried out in early October. Now - almost a month later. Earlier in November, it was already over -40 and in March it was cold to -40. And now, on November 10, the temperature is only -26 degrees. “The tundra seems to have aged a little,” reindeer breeders lament. As a result, the reindeer pasture capacity decreased by 3-5 times.

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The Ust-Yana reindeer herders note a change in the direction of the wind — earlier the northeast wind blew from early May to June. The number of wild animals has increased. Reindeer breeders also note Arctic fox rabies. Since the 90s, their skin has depreciated, so people do not hunt them now. In Verkhnekolymsky they could not drive into distant lands: snowmobiles were drowning in lakes and rivers. There, the northerners have noted a decline in the quality of sable skins, so they are no longer in demand on the market. But sable appeared off the coast of the Arctic Ocean. Brown bears, Siberian Cranes also move to the North. In Anabar, there are many large hares, red foxes, which were usually not there before. Crows and hawks replaced local small birds. In the south of Yakutia - in the Aldan district, on the contrary, there are fewer lynx, wolverine, musk deer, partridges, grouse. At the same time, previously unknown birds appeared.

Schoolchildren joined the monitoring of climate change, who, under the guidance of teachers, began to note previously unusual facts in their community.

Following the trip, the ‘Gorizonty’ Initiative Group shot the film.

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Taking into account the changes at the parliamentary hearings, it was recommended to create a three-year reserve of fuel and energy resources, building materials and products. And to apply new construction technologies in flood sites. To attract subsoil users to finance the assessment of reindeer pasture status. And, of course, it is necessary to increase alternative non-carbon energy sources. And our indigenous peoples, who are most closely associated with nature, need to actively exercise their rights to protect public interest in the field of environmental protection and environmental control.

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