In 2021, a gradual changeover to electronic passports should begin in Russia
The Vedomosti newspaper reports this with reference to the press service of the government.
Electronic passports should eventually completely replace the paper version of the document. As explained in the press service of the government, it can be made in the form of a plastic card with an electronic chip. Discussion of the project on the introduction of e-passports was held at two meetings in the government: the first of them was held on September 14 under the chairmanship of the deputy chairman of the government in digital economy Maksim Akimov, the second - on September 17 under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
With reference to one of the participants in the discussion in the government, Vedomosti writes that not only the information that is present in the passport will be recorded on this chip - it is a question of combining Insurance Number of Individual Ledger Account, driving licenses and other personal data in the same document. In parallel with this, a unified data registry of all Russian citizens should be created, the source claims.
According to the spokesman for the government’s chairman, Oleg Osipov, the Ministry of Economic Development and the 'Digital Economy' autonomous non-profit organization will develop the draft law on electronic passports. The corresponding order has already been given by the deputy chairman of the government on the digital economy, Maksim Akimov.
According to Vedomosti, the cost of the reform of transferring Russians to electronic passports can be 114.4 billion rubles until 2024. It is planned to reimburse this amount for the budget at the expense of the state duty for obtaining a new document.
The press service of the government confirmed that the e-passport will give public information systems access to the “digital profile” of a citizen, combining all the necessary information to carry out legally significant actions.
The creation of the “Digital Profile” system of a citizen in Russia by 2023 had previously become known from the project of “Digital Economy” National Program, approved by the government on September 17. As an interlocutor in the government explained to RBC, we are talking about creating a citizen’s meta-profile - this is information about a person that is stored as links to legally significant entries in electronic state registers (for example, data about real estate or taxes). Thus, an account in the "Digital Profile" will allow to combine all the legal information about a person, reducing the time for the exchange of information between departments. At the same time, government agencies will not need the consent of a citizen to process information about his profile in the system. At the same time, commercial organizations that need information will be required to obtain such consent. This, in particular, may involve banks collecting data on a potential borrower.